The Air Transport Industry has become strategically important to Africa. This is because Africa depends mostly on air transport to link people with each other over its vast and complicated terrain as well as the rest of the world. A Safe, Secure and efficient Aviation Industry is therefore crucial in the support of business, trade, tourism, cultural, and social activities which significantly contribute to Africa’s economic growth and prosperity.
The primary roles of AU, AFCAC and the Member States in civil Aviation are to provide enabling environment for the growth of the industry and safe operations through the:
- Adoption of policies that will encourage dynamic growth; –
- Enhancement of safety oversight through cooperative and collaborative mechanisms;
- Prudent management of Airports and Aviation Security;
- Efficient airspaces management;
- Human resources development;
- Infrastructural development; and
- Increased participation of the private sector, etc.
The vision of African Civil Aviation
The vision for African Civil Aviation shall be: “To foster a safe, secure, efficient, cost-effective, sustainable and
the environmentally friendly civil aviation industry in Africa” 2.2
The Policy Thrust
The desire of Member States is to have an African Civil Aviation Policy for the promotion of a harmonised approach to managing the various aspects of civil aviation including safety, security, efficiency and environmental protection, etc.
The African Union shall adopt policies that will foster cooperative and collaborative arrangements for the sustainable development of civil aviation in the continent. All Civil Aviation Policies in the Member States and RECs shall be consistent with the provisions of the AFCAP. To achieve these objectives, the following shall be accomplished:
- The Member States shall harmonize their respective National Civil Aviation Policies and those of the Regional Economic Communities with the provisions of this Policy.’
- AFCAC shall put in place necessary machinery for the periodical review of this Policy to ensure that it is consistent and responsive to the contemporary developments in the industry.
- AFCAC shall establish the necessary forum to facilitate regular exchange of ideas and experiences to cultivate and strengthen the relationship and interface between AFCAC, RECs, RSOOs and other stakeholders.
The strategic objectives of Civil Aviation in Africa shall be as follows:
- To foster the sustainable development of Air transport in Africa.
- To enhance civil aviation safety in Africa.
- To enhance civil aviation security in Africa.
- To ensure sustainable human resources development for African aviation
- To strengthen the Rule of Law in African Aviation.
Key Performance Areas
The key performance indicators for African civil aviation shall be as follows:
Safety Performance Indicators:
- Number of accidents and major incidents;
- Number of fatalities;
- The accident rate in the AFI Region as compared to the global average;
- Safety Management Maturity Level; and
- Oversight capabilities of Civil Aviation Authorities
Air Traffic Performance Indicators:
- Aircraft movement – arrivals and departures
- Passenger and cargo traffic
- International market share
- Average load factor for the African air carriers
- African city pairs
Targets & Strategies
Based on the key performance areas and indicators, AFCAC in collaboration with States shall periodically establish measurable targets to be achieved by African civil aviation. These targets shall be included in schedules to be annexed to this policy. AFCAC shall monitor, review and report on the achievement of the targets to its Plenary and to the Committee of Ministers responsible for civil aviation. The following strategies shall be adopted:
- Strengthening of regulatory and safety oversight capabilities of Member States through the creation of effective autonomous CAAs and /or establishment of RSOOs;
- Development, training and retention of qualified aviation personnel;
- Strengthening of service providers and air carriers through the creation of enabling environment; and
- Strengthening and empowering AFCAC to enable it to assist States to comply with ICAO SARPs and enforce the full implementation of this policy, the YD and any other resolutions passed by the AU.